Drugs produced from plants: Opium poppy (heroin, morphine, codeine) Blue agave (Tequila) Coca leaves (cocaine) Ephedra sinica (Sudafed, meth) Psilocybin mushroom (shrooms) Willow bark (aspirin) Sassafras root (ecstasy) Penicillium mold (penicillin) Drugs produced by microorganisms: Antibiotics Penicillin Alkaloids New drugs developed always need to go through several test before they are prescribed to patients and […]

An antibody is a protein created from blood in order to fight against pathogens that have entered the body. Pathogens are microorganisms that enter the body and can cause a disease or infection. A pathogen can be bacteria or virus. When a bacterium pathogen enter the body it will start producing antigens, which can be […]

In the play Macbeth, Shakespeare presents a story about Macbeth, the protagonist of the play, and his desire to gain power, however Macbeth decided to go down the wrong path, which led him to his fall. Macbeth experienced hell through this as he was tormented by guilt and lived his life petrified of the truth. This […]

Transpiration is the method of that is used to get water moving through a plant in tubes and the evaporation of water on the leaves, stems and flowers. Water travels through plants by moving in tubes, which are made of dead xylem cells, from the roots all the way through the plant. Dissolved minerals also travel […]

Macbeth’s Mental Stability From Macbeth’s soliloquy in Act 5 Scene 5, it seemed as though Macbeth has begun to despair. It seems as though he has given up and has lost everything when he has almost everything. When told about his wife’s death, Macbeth isn’t upset or angry. Instead all he says is that she […]

What is Shakespeare trying to communicate about life in this passage spoken by the character Macbeth? In Act 5 Scene 5, Macbeth preforms a brief soliloquy about life just after he is informed about his wife’s (Lady Macbeth) death. It is in these twelve lines where Shakespeare is believed to be sending messages to his […]

I believe Macbeth is an equivocator and an example of this is in Act 1 Scene 7 when Macbeth says ‘ This even-handed justice commends th’ ingredience of our poinon’d chalice to our own lips’. Here Macbeth is admitting and showing that he is aware that killing Duncan is a very bad deed by referring […]

‘Glamis, and thane of Cawdor! The greatest is behind. Thanks for your pains.’ – Act 1 Scene 3. At this moment in the play right at the beginning Macbeth’s mind and conscious seems very clear. He doesn’t hint at us any sign of guilt or physiological issues after slaying many soldiers in the war. In fact after he […]

Patheic Fallacy Patheic Fallacy is a dramatic language device used in many plays, books and movies. It is when the weather or the environment tells us if something good or bad is about to happen in our storyline. An example of Pathetic Fallacy in Shakespeare’s Macbeth in Act 2 Scene 1, on the night Macbeth […]

Eukaryotic cells have a nucleus each where as prokaryotic cells nucleoid. Prokaryotic can only be single celled, however eukaryotic cells can be single celled or multi celled. Prokaryotic also don’t have organelles where as eukaryotic have many different types with specialized cells. Prokaryotic cells are single circular double stranded DNA. Eukaryotic cells contain complex chromosomes in […]